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Health Examples

Cardiac or Circulatory

Subvalvular aortic stenosis (SAS,) pulmonic stenosis, valve leak, tricupsid valve dysplasia, patent ductus arteriosis (PDA,) dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM,) congestive heart failure.


Hot spots, dermatitis, mange, pyoderma, skin allergies


Addison's disease, Cushing's disease, hypothyroidism, diabetes


Cataracts, chronic eye infection, cherry eye, entropion, ectropion, glaucoma, eversion of the third eyelid

Gastrointestinal (incl Bloat)

Bloat, ulcers, liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatitis, megaesophagus *Bloat comprises approximately 75% of the dogs in the study for this category.

Immune (other than skin)

Food allergies, autoimmune disease including hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia

Infection or Internal Parasite

Distemper, chronic ear infection, heartworms, hepatitis, Lyme's disease, meningitis, parvo, pneumonia, Staph, yeast infection, urinary tract infection


Wounds, joint injuries, ear flap hernia, heat, ruptured spleen


Degenerative myelopathy, epilepsy, myasthenia gravis, seizures, spinal nerve damage, vestibular disorders, Wobbler's, dementia


Arthritis, anterior cruciate ligament tear (ACL,) elbow anomaly, elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, herniated disc, osteochondritis disecans (OCD,) polymyositis, panosteitis, spinal stenosis, spondylosis


Cryptorchid, irregular heat, uterine or ovarian cysts, pyometra, prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis


Asthma, hyperplastic laryngitis, laryngeal paralysis


Timid, aggressive, hyperactive

Tumor or Cancer

Osteosarcoma, benign tumor, lipoma, lymphoma, interdigital cysts, adenoma, mast cell tumor


Cystitis, cystinura, calcium deposits, ectopic ureter, incontinence, renal disease

Other (not listed above)

Dental problems, hearing problems, cleft palate, anaesthesia reaction, coprophagia, taurine deficiency








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