The Newfoundland in motion has good reach, strong drive, and gives the impression of effortless power. His gait is smooth and rhythmic, covering the maximum amount of ground with the minimum number of steps. Forelegs and hind legs travel straight forward. As the dog’s speed increases, the legs tend toward single tracking. When moving, a slight roll of the skin is characteristic of the breed. Essential to good movement is the balance of correct front and rear assemblies.
Strength and coordination are valued over speed. A Newfoundland is properly shown at a moderate trot. The correct level topline of the dog must not be lost in motion. Soundness is an essential ingredient of type, for without well-coordinated movement, the Newf could not accomplish its purpose. Movement is the crucial test of conformation. There is probably no other point at which so many dogs fail.
It is important to distinguish good ground covering drive from an exaggerated rear action with considerable lift and flexing of the stifle, which lacks actual ground covering forward motion.
Dogs with otherwise good forequarters but who toe in slightly, should be distinguished from dogs with faulty construction who may also cross over with the forefeet, or who are out at the elbow.