The Newfoundland is a sweet-dispositioned dog that acts neither dull nor ill tempered. He is a devoted companion. A multipurpose dog, at home on land and in water, the Newfoundland is capable of draft work and possesses natural lifesaving abilities.
The Newfoundland is a large, heavily coated, well balanced dog that is deep bodied, heavily boned, muscular, and strong. A good specimen of the breed has dignity and proud head carriage.
The following description is that of the ideal Newfoundland. Any deviation from this ideal is to be penalized to the extent of the deviation. Structural and movement faults common to all working breeds are as undesirable in the Newfoundland as in any other breed, even though they are not specifically mentioned herein.
The Standard was written for a working dog who could double as a giant retriever, as much at home in the water as on dry land. A superior all-purpose dog, the Newfoundland has been used and is still used around the world as a true working dog. Although he is well known for his water rescue work he also pulls carts and sleds and carries packs.
His outstanding character traits are a benevolent disposition and strong lifesaving instincts. Strength and soundness to translate his historical work into effective action require the musculature, coordination, and ability to swim and haul good distances.
Temperament is of primary importance. A sense of dignity, strength, and power are softened by a benevolent demeanor. Any indication of ill temper is especially to be guarded against.